The Climate, in terms of average rainfall, Egypt is the driest country in the world. South of Cairo, rainfall averages only around 2 to 5 mm (0.1 to 0.2 in) per year, and years typically pass by between falls. On a very thin strip of the northern coast the rainfall can be as high as 170 mm (7 in), all between November and March.
Snow falls on Sinai's mountains and some of its middle cities, also snow falls on some coastal cities such as: Damiatta, Baltim, Ras Barrani and rarely Alexandria.
It is hot in the summer, with temperatures averaging between 80 and 90°F (27 - 32°C), and up to 109°F (42°C) on the Red Sea coast.
Egypt winters are cool during days and chilly during night, with temperatures averaging between 55 and 70°F (13 to 21°C). A steady wind from the northwest helps hold down the temperature near the Mediterranean coast.
The Khamaseen is a wind that blows from the south in Egypt, usually in spring or summer, bringing sand and dust, and sometimes raises the temperature in the desert to more than 100°F (38°C). Egypt relies on The Nile River for water.
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